A few weeks ago, I introduced a Forecasting API that I deployed on Heroku. Under the hood, this API is built on top of ahead (and through Python packages rpy2 and Flask); an R package for univariate and multivariate time series forecasting. As of October 13th, 2021, 5 forecasting methods are implemented in ahead:

  • armagarchf: univariate time series forecasting method using simulation of an ARMA(1, 1) - GARCH(1, 1)
  • dynrmf: univariate time series forecasting method adapted from forecast::nnetar to support any Statistical/Machine learning model (such as Ridge Regression, Random Forest, Support Vector Machines, etc.)
  • eatf: univariate time series forecasting method based on combinations of forecast::ets, forecast::auto.arima, and forecast::thetaf
  • ridge2f: multivariate time series forecasting method, based on quasi-randomized networks and presented in this paper
  • varf: multivariate time series forecasting method using Vector AutoRegressive model (VAR, mostly here for benchmarking purpose)

Here’s how to install the package:

  • 1st method: from R-universe

    In R console:

      options(repos = c(
          techtonique = 'https://techtonique.r-universe.dev',
          CRAN = 'https://cloud.r-project.org'))
            
      install.packages("ahead")
    
  • 2nd method: from Github

    In R console:

      devtools::install_github("Techtonique/ahead")
    

    Or

      remotes::install_github("Techtonique/ahead")
    

And here are the packages that will be used for this demo:

library(ahead)
library(fpp)
library(datasets)
library(randomForest)
library(e1071)

Univariate time series

In this section, we illustrate dynrmf for univariate time series forecasting, using Random Forest and SVMs. Do not hesitate to type ?dynrmf, ?armagarchf or ?eatf in R console for more details and examples.


par(mfrow=c(2, 2))

# Plotting forecasts
# With a Random Forest regressor, an horizon of 20, 
# and a 95% prediction interval
plot(dynrmf(fdeaths, h=20, level=95, fit_func = randomForest::randomForest,
      fit_params = list(ntree = 50), predict_func = predict))

# With a Support Vector Machine regressor, an horizon of 20, 
# and a 95% prediction interval
plot(dynrmf(fdeaths, h=20, level=95, fit_func = e1071::svm,
fit_params = list(kernel = "linear"), predict_func = predict))

plot(dynrmf(Nile, h=20, level=95, fit_func = randomForest::randomForest,
      fit_params = list(ntree = 50), predict_func = predict))

plot(dynrmf(Nile, h=20, level=95, fit_func = e1071::svm,
fit_params = list(kernel = "linear"), predict_func = predict))

image-title-here

Multivariate time series

In this section, we illustrate ridge2f and varf forecasting for multivariate time series. Do not hesitate to type ?ridge2f or ?varf in R console for more details on both functions.

# Forecast using ridge2
# With 2 time series lags, an horizon of 10, 
# and a 95% prediction interval
 fit_obj_ridge2 <- ahead::ridge2f(fpp::insurance, lags = 2,
                                  h = 10, level = 95)


# Forecast using VAR
 fit_obj_VAR <- ahead::varf(fpp::insurance, lags = 2,
                            h = 10, level = 95)

 
# Plotting forecasts 
# fpp::insurance contains 2 time series, Quotes and TV.advert 
 par(mfrow=c(2, 2))
 plot(fit_obj_ridge2, "Quotes")
 plot(fit_obj_VAR, "Quotes")
 plot(fit_obj_ridge2, "TV.advert")
 plot(fit_obj_VAR, "TV.advert")

image-title-here

Open to work

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